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Selenium with Ruby Cheat Sheet

Driver Initialization

Chrome driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :chrome
Firefox driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox
Edge driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :edge
Safari driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :safari

Locating Elements

By ID: driver.find_element(id: '<element ID>')
By Name: driver.find_element(name: '<element name>')
By Class Name: driver.find_element(class: '<element class>')
By Tag Name: driver.find_element(tag_name: '<html tag name>')
By CSS Selector: driver.find_element(css: 'Tag#Value of id attribute')
By XPath: driver.find_element(xpath: "//input[@type='submit']")
By Link Text: driver.find_element(link_text: '<link text>')
By Partial Link Text: driver.find_element(partial_link_text: '<link text>')


before(:all) do Code executed before all tests
before(:each) do Code executed before each test
it ‘performs a test’ do Code for the test
after(:each) do Code executed after each test
after(:all) do Code executed after all tests

Working with Files

Upload a file:
driver.find_element(id: 'file-upload').send_keys('/path/to/your/file.txt') 
driver.find_element(id: 'file-submit').submit
Read data from a text file:
File.open('MyFile.txt', 'r') do |file|
  file.each_line do |line|
    puts line
Read data from a CSV file:
require 'csv' csv_file_path = 'path/to/your/csvfile.csv' CSV.foreach(csv_file_path) do |row|

  puts row.inspect # Print the entire row as an array

  # You can also access individual elements using indices, like row[0], row[1], etc.

Read data from an Excel file:
require 'rubyXL'

excel_file_path = 'path/to/your/excelfile.xlsx'

# Load the workbook

workbook = RubyXL::Parser.parse(excel_file_path)

# Access the worksheet by index (0-based)

worksheet = workbook[0]

# Iterate through the rows

worksheet.each do |row|

  # Iterate through the cells in each row

  row.cells.each do |cell|
    # Print the cell's value
    puts cell.value if cell


Selenium Navigators

Navigate to a URL driver.navigate.to('<URL>')
Refresh the page driver.navigate.refresh
Navigate forward in browser history driver.navigate.forward
Navigate back in browser history driver.navigate.back

Working with Windows

Get the current window handle:
main_window_handle = driver.window_handle
Get all window handles:
all_window_handles = driver.window_handles
Switch to a specific window:
Switch to newly created window:
Close the current window:
Set window position:
driver.manage.window.position = Selenium::WebDriver::Point.new(0, 0)
Maximize window:
Minimize window:
Fullscreen window:
Take a Screenshot

Working with Frames

Switch to a frame by name or ID:
Switch to a frame by index:
Switch to a frame using a WebElement:
iframe = driver.find_element(css: '#modal>iframe') 
Switch back to the main content:

Working with Dropdowns (Select Elements)

Find the dropdown element:
dropdown = driver.find_element(id: 'dropdown_id')
Create a Select instance for the dropdown element:
select = Selenium::WebDriver::Support::Select.new(dropdown)
Select an option by visible text:
select.select_by(:text, 'Option Text')
Select an option by value:
select.select_by(:value, 'option_value')
Select an option by index:
select.select_by(:index, 1)
Deselect all options (only applicable for multi-select dropdowns):

Mouse Actions

Click and hold:
element = driver.find_element(id: 'element_id') 
Release a held click:
Drag and drop:
source = driver.find_element(id: 'source_element_id') 
target = driver.find_element(id: 'target_element_id') 
action_builder.drag_and_drop(source, target).perform
Move to element:
Double click:
Context click (right-click):

Working with Alerts

Switch to an alert:
alert = driver.switch_to.alert
Enter text in an alert:
Retrieve alert text:
text = alert.text

Selenium Operations

Launch a Webpage:
Click a button:
search_button = driver.find_element(name: 'btnK') 
Accept an alert pop-up:
Print the page title:
title = driver.title 
puts title
Wait for an element to be visible:
wait = Selenium::WebDriver::Wait.new(timeout: 10) 
element = wait.until { driver.find_element(id: 'element_id').displayed? }
Wait for an element to be enabled:
wait = Selenium::WebDriver::Wait.new(timeout: 10) 
element = wait.until { driver.find_element(id: 'element_id').enabled? }
Implicit wait:
driver.manage.timeouts.implicit_wait = 30
Explicit wait:
wait = Selenium::WebDriver::Wait.new(timeout: 10) 
first_result = wait.until { driver.find_element(xpath: '//a/h3') }
sleep(<Time in Seconds>)
Clear the input field text:
search_input = driver.find_element(name: 'q') 
Disable a field (set the ‘disabled’ attribute):
driver.execute_script("document.getElementsByName('fname')[0].setAttribute('disabled', '');")
Enable a field (remove the ‘disabled’ attribute):

Selenium Grid

Start the hub
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-x.y.z.jar -role hub
Start a node
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-x.y.z.jar -role node -hub http://localhost:4444/grid/register

Note: Replace "x.y.z" with the version number of your Selenium Server Standalone JAR file.

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Selenium test:

Same test in testRigor:

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