SAP is a Germany-based MNC, a leader in the software world today. SAP’s solutions cover finance, accounting, human resources, supply chain management, customer relationship management, procurement, manufacturing, and more. The primary goal of SAP is to integrate all of these business functions into a unified system, allowing businesses to streamline their operations, enhance efficiency, and gain better insights through data analytics.
SAP’s core product, ERP software, is known for its flexibility and customizability, which makes it suitable for businesses of all sizes, from small enterprises to large multinational corporations. Over the years, SAP has expanded its offerings beyond ERP and now provides a wide range of software solutions for various industries and lines of business. Some of SAP’s popular products include SAP S/4HANA, SAP ERP, BusinessObjects, SAP Ariba, SAP CRM, SAP Business One, SAP Business ByDesign, SAP Cloud Platform, and SAP Fieldglass.
Testing SAP Products
SAP products are complex and are usually integrated with other systems in organizations. Since these products are the lifeblood, even a minor issue could directly impact business operations. Leveraging different types of testing techniques like unit and integration, system, end-to-end, regression, and performance testing will yield the desired system quality.
Moreover, utilizing automation testing to execute these test cases will help you perform regular checks, especially after software upgrades and releases. Let’s find out how.
Unit and Integration Testing of SAP Products
Let’s first understand when and why you would need to perform unit and integration testing. Unit tests aim to verify the proper functioning of every code unit, like functions and classes. Integration testing is used to verify essential integrations within the system or with other third-party applications. Both these kinds of testing perform code-level validations and act as crucial precursors to the more intensive forms of testing like functional or end-to-end testing.
Regarding SAP products, you will need this unit testing if your organization has customized or extended the SAP product to meet specific business requirements or developed custom functionalities that interact with the SAP product. SAP products often integrate with other systems and modules within the organization, like Salesforce, Microsoft Dynamics 365, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, ServiceNow, Workday, IoT, and even e-commerce platforms. Writing integration tests to check these integrations will help you identify any issues in these areas.
ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) has been a fundamental language in developing SAP applications for many years. It is a proprietary language developed by SAP and is well-suited for building business applications and integrating them with the underlying SAP system. SAP has diversified its technology stack to include various programming languages like Java, Python, HTML5, and Node.js and frameworks like ABAP Workbench, SAP BTP, SAP Business Application Studio, SAP Hana Studio, SAP Hana Web-based Workbench, SAPUI5, SAP NetWeaver Developer Studio, and SAP Web IDE to address different needs and trends in the software industry.
SAP offers various mechanisms to test ABAP code, like ABAP Unit, ABAP Test Cockpit (ATC) tool, and ABAP Test Double Framework. As for the other programming languages like Java, Python, and Node.js, you can test them using the commonly used testing frameworks like JUnit for Java, Pytest or Unittest for Python, and Jest or Mocha for Node.js.
End-to-end Testing of SAP Products
Checks and balances at a code level can help only so much. Testing the system from an end user’s perspective is the best way to deem the system ready for use. Tools such as SAP TAO (Test Acceleration and Optimization) and eCATT (extended Computer Aided Test Tool) offer record-and-playback capabilities, allowing testers to configure the parameters from a UI well-known to SAP testers.
Though these tools are popular, they tend to introduce drawbacks like issues with test maintenance, busy UI for configuring test parameters, flakiness matters that arise with record-and-playback tools, and an extensive setup process.
Automation Testing using testRigor
Luckily, there are better alternatives that are user-friendly and highly efficient. testRigor is one of the few automation tools that utilizes AI through and through, making automation testing everyone’s cup of tea. You can quickly write UI-based end-to-end tests, functional tests, user acceptance tests, and regression tests.
The list below highlights some significant capabilities to showcase how testRigor makes this happen.
- Write tests in plain English: By leveraging AI, testRigor lets you and your team write test cases in plain English. This feature eliminates the need to gain expertise in tool-specific technical skills like how to set up test cases or a new coding language and keeps the focus on testing the system.
- Ultra-stable and easy locators: When it comes to UI elements, you can write them as they appear on the UI. testRigor uses AI under the hood to identify the UI element in question and give you the desired result.
- User-friendly recorder: If you prefer the record-and-playback mode of test creation, then that’s available as well. In this case, the test will be recorded and converted into plain English statements, and you can edit them if required.
- Powered by generative AI: testRigor is the only test automation tool that has adopted generative AI to let you create test cases. With just a test description and the URL, this system will create a complete test case for you. As these test cases are also in plain English, you can modify them by adding more steps or assertions like other test cases created using testRigor.
- Extensive coverage: This tool tests more than just web applications. You can test web, native, and hybrid applications on mobile devices and desktops. Using the rich command library, you can write test cases that can perform operations like interacting with table data, data-driven testing, uploading files, validating images, 2FA logins, validating email and SMS content, and more.
- Low maintenance: testRigor reduces test maintenance drastically, which is a massive relief for any tester using automation. testRigor’s self-healing capabilities automatically incorporate the UI and application changes in the test scripts. Also, it takes care of unexpected browser or server crashes during test execution and internal wait times to deal with delays in element loading.
- Seamless integrations: If you want to expand your testing strategies further by integrating with other frameworks and tools, you have nothing to worry about. testRigor supports smooth integrations with CI/CD tools, test case management, issue management platforms, databases, infrastructure-providing tools like device farms, and more.
login click on “Sales - A/R" click on “Sales Order" under “Sales Quotation" enter “C40000" in “Customer" click on “Contents" enter "A00001" into table "Contents" at row "1" and column "Item Number" click on “Add" enter "Please approve this order." into table "requests" at row "1" and column "Remarks" click on “Ok" wait 1 minute check that page contains “Messages/Alerts Overview" click on table "Inbox" at row containing "Document generation approved" and column "Subject" click on element to the left of 249 right click on “Sales Order - Draft" click on “Approval Status Report" check that page contains “Richard King" below “Authorizer"
As you can see from the above test, how easy it is to automate workflows. The close resemblance to the English language makes it ideal for team collaboration as no programming skills are required, further benefiting the organization to unearth bugs timely.
You can run these automated test cases over and over again efficiently and rely on testRigor to give you stable test runs with quick, accurate results.
SAP is one of the most widely used and relied-on applications to manage business operations. As these applications evolve, their integrations with existing systems in the organization are also impacted. The frequent software releases of these complex applications can create hurdles in test automation from a maintenance perspective.
A robust test automation tool like testRigor with in-built self-healing and AI-backed features is the best way to maintain quality standards. It allows you to benefit from the knowledge of in-house team members like manual testers and business stakeholders to formulate compelling test cases while leveraging the power of AI and automation.