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Your Guide to Creating a QA automation pipeline

What is a QA automation pipeline?

The introduction of continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) practices has revolutionized the field of software development. CI/CD has transformed how software is built and deployed and has significantly impacted the quality assurance (QA) process.

Implementing a QA pipeline has been crucial in accelerating delivery cycles and enhancing software quality. Traditionally, QA involved manual testing efforts that were time-consuming and prone to human error. However, with the advent of CI/CD, the QA process has evolved to become more efficient, effective, and automated.

A QA pipeline is built upon the foundation of multi-level automation tests and continuous integration. It involves seamlessly integrating automated tests into the software development lifecycle, with tests executed at various pipeline stages. By automating tests, you can ensure consistent and reliable test execution, reduce manual effort, and mitigate the risk of human error.

Innovative QA practices, such as test-driven development (TDD) and behavior-driven development (BDD), enable you to automate the testing process fully. With TDD, tests are written before the actual code, ensuring that the code meets the specified requirements. BDD focuses on collaboration between developers, QA engineers, and business stakeholders, using a common language to define and automate tests. These practices allow for the seamless integration of automated tests into the development workflow, enabling teams to concentrate on developing and improving the application.

Why do you need the pipeline?

You can achieve several benefits by fully automated testing in a QA pipeline. Firstly, it reduces the time required for testing, as automated tests can be executed quickly and repeatedly. This leads to shorter delivery cycles, allowing for more frequent releases and faster time-to-market. Secondly, automation ensures consistent and thorough test coverage, as tests are controlled and repeatable. This helps identify and address defects early in development, improving software quality.

You can maintain a robust and up-to-date QA pipeline by leveraging continuous integration practices, such as automatically triggering tests upon code changes and integrating with version control systems. Furthermore, a QA pipeline allows testing in different environments like development, staging, and production. This helps uncover environment-specific issues and ensures the application functions correctly across various configurations.

Creating a QA automation pipeline

Creating a QA automation pipeline involves establishing a systematic process for automating testing activities within the software development lifecycle. Let’s go through each.

Define Test Strategy

The initial step in establishing an automation pipeline is to define the test strategy for the application. This involves determining the overall approach to testing and deciding which types of tests should be automated. Common test types include unit, integration, functional, performance, and regression tests. By defining the test strategy, you establish a clear direction for the automation pipeline and ensure that the appropriate tests are included to verify the application’s functionality, performance, and reliability.

Select Automation Tools

Choosing the right automation tools is critical in building an efficient QA automation pipeline. While different tools were commonly used in the past for specific types of testing (e.g., Selenium WebDriver for web application testing, Appium for mobile application testing), there has been a shift towards adopting single tools that can handle multiple types of testing. This shift is driven by the need for simplified maintenance, improved debugging capabilities, and faster time-to-market.

Companies now prefer versatile tools that offer cross-platform support and can cater to various testing requirements. These tools enable teams to write and execute tests using a single framework, reducing the need for maintaining separate codebases for different test types. They also provide consistent APIs and methods for interacting with varying layers of applications, such as web, mobile, and API.

Build Test Infrastructure

Set up the necessary infrastructure to support your automation efforts. This includes configuring test environments, virtual machines, containers, or cloud-based testing platforms. However, this approach often incurred significant costs and required ongoing company maintenance.

Fortunately, the introduction of cloud-based testing tools has transformed this scenario. Cloud-based testing tools provide a more convenient and cost-effective solution for executing tests. Instead of investing in infrastructure setup and maintenance, companies can now leverage cloud-based platforms and services.

Create Test Scripts

Using traditional automation tools like Selenium or Appium requires QA teams to write test scripts using programming languages like Java, Python, or JavaScript. This approach relied more on programming skills; the codebase gets extremely complex when more scenarios are automated. As a result, the time spent on debugging and maintaining these scripts can outweigh the time spent on creating new ones, potentially slowing down the overall testing process.

The introduction of codeless automation tools has led to a shift in focus for many companies. These tools provide a more straightforward and more accessible approach to test automation, allowing testers to create automated tests without the need for extensive programming skills. One such leading codeless automation tool is testRigor. testRigor offers a user-friendly interface and a codeless scripting approach, making it easier for testers to create and maintain automated tests. We can understand more about testRigor towards the end of this topic.

Implement Continuous Integration

To optimize your automation workflow, seamlessly incorporate your test scripts into a robust CI/CD platform like Jenkins, GitLab CI/CD, or Azure DevOps. Configure the CI server to automatically initiate test execution whenever new code changes are committed, ensuring consistent and prompt feedback on the application’s quality. It is advisable to leverage tools that offer native integration with a wide range of CI/CD tools, facilitating seamless collaboration and efficient test orchestration across your software delivery pipeline, like testRigor.

Generate Test Reports

Reports are a crucial representation of test automation, and their presentation is essential. They can be shared via visually appealing dashboards or seamlessly sent to various communication channels, such as Slack or Microsoft Teams. Additionally, updating reports in popular test management tools like Jira or TestRail ensures centralized tracking and facilitates comprehensive test reporting. Notably, tools like testRigor offer native integrations with prominent communication and test management platforms, streamlining the sharing and updating of reports across the testing ecosystem.

Monitor and Maintain the Pipeline

Maintaining the automation pipeline’s stability, reliability, and effectiveness requires continuous monitoring. It is essential to regularly update and maintain the test cases to align with feature updates in the application. By incorporating stakeholder feedback and leveraging insights from test results, the automation process can continuously improve and refine over time.

The Key to an Effortless Automation Pipeline

Selecting the right test automation tool is critical to the entire process. Traditional automation tools have proven to be extremely time-consuming for both test creation and test maintenance. Many companies prefer open-source tools, only to realize that a considerable amount of valuable engineering time gets wasted.

Another option is modern no-code tools, but many companies promise much more than they can deliver. The right automation tool can either speed up your process or make it tedious and even unmanageable. Therefore, it’s critical to assess thoroughly before purchasing.

testRigor, as a powerful and versatile tool, seamlessly integrates into the QA automation pipeline, catalyzing and enhancing the overall testing process. By leveraging testRigor’s capabilities, including its Generative AI engine for test creation, organizations can unlock myriad benefits, such as simplified test creation, streamlined maintenance, efficient debugging, and enhanced collaboration. With its codeless automation approach, testRigor empowers testers to create tests swiftly and effortlessly, eliminating the need for programming skills. Incorporating testRigor can achieve the following benefits:

  • No-code Automation: testRigor, with its Generative AI capabilities, eliminates the need for programming skills. This includes both record-and-playback features and creating tests from scratch. The easy-to-read documentation provides a clear understanding of how the commands look.
  • Supports Different Testing: testRigor acts as a powerhouse supporting different types of testing like Mobile and Web browser automation, Mobile app automation, Desktop automation, API automation, Visual Regression testing, Load testing, etc. The QA team doesn’t have to use different tools or create other frameworks for testing.
  • Seamless Integration: testRigor provides inbuilt integrations with popular communication tools like Slack or Teams, test management tools like Jira or TestRail, and all popular CI/CD tools. This facilitates smooth collaboration, report sharing, and seamless synchronization of test results.
  • Scalability: Using testRigor, users can perform cross-browser and cross-platform testing with minimal configuration changes. There is no need to separate test scripts for different browsers or platforms.


Creating a robust QA automation pipeline is a critical endeavor for organizations seeking to enhance their software testing process. By following the steps outlined in this guide and leveraging tools like testRigor, companies can streamline their automation efforts and improve their testing practices’ efficiency, reliability, and effectiveness. Each aspect plays a vital role in establishing a successful automation framework, from defining the test strategy to selecting appropriate automation tools, configuring the CI/CD pipeline, and integrating with communication and test management platforms. With its codeless automation approach and seamless integration capabilities, testRigor emerges as a valuable asset in the QA automation pipeline, empowering testers to create, execute, and maintain tests easily.

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