Certification: AI-driven Test Automation
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Web Testing Overview
It’s essential to understand the difference between headed and headless modes.
Definition: In headed mode, the browser testing occurs with the graphical user interface (GUI) visible. This means that when automated tests are executed in this mode, testers can see the actions being performed in real-time on the browser window, just like a user would interact with it.
- Visual Feedback: Testers can see the tests as they run, making it easier to identify visual issues, such as layout problems or design discrepancies.
- Debugging: With the visual representation available, it can be easier to debug and understand failures when they occur.
- Speed: Running tests in headed mode can be slower than in headless because it requires rendering the GUI.
- Resource Intensive: Requires more system resources to run the GUI, which can be a constraint, especially if multiple tests are run in parallel.
Definition: In headless mode, the browser runs without its GUI, meaning tests are executed in the background without displaying any visual interface. Headless testing is especially popular in continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) environments.
- Speed: Typically, headless tests run faster than headed tests because there’s no GUI to render.
- Resource Efficiency: Uses fewer system resources, making it suitable for environments with limited computational power or for running many tests simultaneously.
- Flexibility: Can be run on servers or environments that don’t have display capabilities.
- Integration with CI/CD: Owing to its speed and lack of GUI dependency, it’s ideal for CI/CD pipelines where quick feedback is essential.
- Lack of Visual Feedback: Since there’s no GUI, you cannot watch the tests as they execute, which can make debugging more challenging.
- Potential Discrepancies: There might be slight behavioral differences between headless and headed modes. For instance, a test might pass in headless mode but fail in a real-world GUI scenario due to visual elements or interactions.
Next, let’s explore the differences between desktop web and mobile web testing.
The terms “desktop web” and “mobile web” refer to web applications or websites when accessed from desktop and mobile devices, respectively. Let’s delve into the primary differences between the two:
- Desktop Web: Accessed on computers with larger screen sizes, ranging from small laptops to widescreen monitors.
- Mobile Web: Accessed on devices with smaller screen sizes, such as smartphones or tablets.
- Desktop Web: Interaction is typically through a mouse and keyboard.
- Mobile Web: Interaction is primarily touch-based, with gestures like swipe, pinch, tap, and long-press.
- Desktop Web: Offers a broader viewport, which can accommodate more content and design elements. Websites can have multiple columns, sidebars, and detailed navigation menus.
- Mobile Web: Due to limited screen size, designs are often more minimalistic, relying on collapsible menus (like hamburger menus) and a more linear, single-column layout.
- Desktop Web: Generally, desktop devices have a more stable and faster internet connection.
- Mobile Web: Mobile devices might rely on cellular networks, leading to potential performance and connectivity issues. Mobile-optimized sites often serve lighter content to speed up load times.
- Desktop Web: Popular browsers include Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
- Mobile Web: While the same browsers exist on mobile, they may behave differently. Additionally, there are mobile-specific browsers like Samsung Internet.
- Desktop Web: Primarily Windows, macOS, and Linux.
- Mobile Web: Primarily iOS and Android, each with multiple versions and manufacturer-specific customizations.
- Desktop Web: Tools like Chrome DevTools or Firefox Developer Tools are mature and robust.
- Mobile Web: While many of the same tools can be used, they might need to be adapted for mobile or used in conjunction with mobile emulators/simulators.
- Desktop Web: Desktops have limited sensors.
- Mobile Web: Mobile devices come equipped with a variety of sensors like GPS, accelerometer, gyroscope, camera, and more. Websites can sometimes leverage these sensors, leading to additional testing scenarios.
While there is overlap in testing strategies for both environments, each presents unique challenges that testers need to consider.
Below are the browsers that testRigor supports natively:
- Internet Explorer